Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64


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The relationship between W n and W t is far away from a linear curve but more like a circle for a finite V ex fluctuation. To constraint V ex fluctuation below a certain value, the fluctuations in thickness and charge control should roughly follow. Contours of Vex fluctuation width as a function of the thickness and doping level fluctuation widths Wt and Wn, under different fixed fluctuation widths of the residual carrier density in the non-dope layers Wnd. In conventional growth, it is more difficult to control doping than thickness.

Viewed from another angle, the result is suggestive of a large space to tradeoff between the controls in thickness and charge. This degree of epitaxy precision is quite a challenging technique. Obviously, the above method is very helpful and effective to quantitatively correlate the controllability of multiple structure parameters with the SPAD device homogeneity.

InP based APDs must use epitaxial materials. MOCVD growth is performed to satisfy the material uniformity requirements described above. As an array, there are isolating grooves channels between the pixels, Indium shots on the front side for interconnection and micro-lenses on the backside for light collection.

First the active p-n junction is formed by selective diffusion. The diffusion process includes, thermally evaporating one layer of solid Zn 3 P 2 , depositing one layer of SiN x to thoroughly cover Zn 3 P 2 , rapid thermal annealing to diffuse Zn into the chip, and etching off the SiN x and the resident Zn 3 P 2. To suppress the cross-talk between pixels, the isolation between pixels is, besides the deep grooves, aided by highly resistive p-n junction.

To increase the filling factor, light is incident on the backside, where there fabricated micro-lenses for each pixel. The microlenses here are not bonded onto the backside, but directly fabricated on the backside by specific dry-etching. The dashed line represents the fitting to a normal distribution.

The interconnection is a standard indium-shot inversion-bonding process. Under 1. APDs are being more and more widely and deeply studied to satisfy the requirement in weak light and single photon imaging. We would like to thank Profs. Yu, Z. Shi, O. Wang, X. Li, Q.

Dai, Y. Yang and Drs. Chen, X. Xie and Q. Wang, Q. Zhou and G. Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Edited by Kuan Chee. Edited by Alessandro Massaro. We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Built by scientists, for scientists.

Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. Downloaded: Abstract Focal-plane avalanche photodiodes APDs are being more and more widely and deeply studied to satisfy the requirement in weak light and single photon imaging. Keywords avalanche photodiode focus plane laser detection and ranging. Introduction Avalanche photodiodes APDs have been widely studied and effectively applied in commercial, military, and academic fields [ 1 ] for a few decades. Linear-mode Si APDs The detection of weak light is technically significant in many application fields such as single molecule fluorescence, high-speed quantum cryptography, and infrared detection [ 21 , 22 , 23 ].

Precise control and uniformity Precise control of the device structure is a decisive step. ROIC optimization To realize highly accurate timing of the photon arrival, we use a time-digit-conversion TDC circuit with the aid of phase-shifting technique. Summary APDs are being more and more widely and deeply studied to satisfy the requirement in weak light and single photon imaging. More Print chapter. How to cite and reference Link to this chapter Copy to clipboard.

Available from:. Over 21, IntechOpen readers like this topic Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers Suggest a book topic Books open for submissions. More statistics for editors and authors Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Access personal reporting. More About Us. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International. Bacterial Modulation of Plant Ethylene Levels. Plant Physiology.

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Isolation and characterization of endophytic plant growth-promoting bacteria from date palm tree Phoenix dactylifera L. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. Beneficial plant-bacterial interactions Beneficial Plant-Bacterial Interactions. Phytoremediation using rhizobia Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2. Differential expression of the seven rRNA operon promoters from the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas sp. Fems Microbiology Letters. Plant growth-promoting bacteria facilitate the growth of barley and oats in salt-impacted soil: implications for phytoremediation of saline soils.

International Journal of Phytoremediation. New insights into 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate ACC deaminase phylogeny, evolution and ecological significance. Plos One. Characterization of a nitrilase and a nitrile hydratase from Pseudomonas sp. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Amelioration of high salinity stress damage by plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes that contain ACC deaminase.

Molecular characterization and expression analysis of chloroplast protein import components in tomato Solanum lycopersicum. A bioinformatics approach to the determination of genes involved in endophytic behavior in Burkholderia spp.

Journal of Theoretical Biology. Indoleacetic acid in plant-microbe interactions. Bacteria with ACC deaminase can promote plant growth and help to feed the world.

Spectroscopy in Microbiology

Microbiological Research. Expression of an exogenous 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate deaminase gene in Mesorhizobium spp.

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Strategies to ameliorate abiotic stress-induced plant senescence. Plant Molecular Biology. Identification of plant growth-promoting bacteria-responsive proteins in cucumber roots under hypoxic stress using a proteomic approach. Journal of Proteomics. The complete genome sequence of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas sp. Investigating the role of protein UnkG from the Pseudomonas putida UW4 in the ability of the bacterium to facilitate plant growth. Current Microbiology. Characterization of bacteria associated with pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.


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ACC deaminase genes are conserved among Mesorhizobium species able to nodulate the same host plant. Delay of flower senescence by bacterial endophytes expressing 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate deaminase. Journal of Applied Microbiology. Effects of bacterial ACC deaminase on Brassica napus gene expression. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions : Mpmi. Identification of hypoxic-responsive proteins in cucumber roots using a proteomic approach. Isolation and characterization of new plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes Applied Soil Ecology.

Alan Dobson

Enhanced chickpea growth-promotion ability of a Mesorhizobium strain expressing an exogenous ACC deaminase gene Plant and Soil. Growing plants in the presence of salt or metals Microbiology Today. Making phytoremediation work better: maximizing a plant's growth potential in the midst of adversity. ACC deaminase activity in avirulent Agrobacterium tumefaciens D3.

Canadian Journal of Microbiology. Enhancement of growth and salt tolerance of red pepper seedlings Capsicum annuum L. ACC deaminase increases the Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation frequency of commercial canola cultivars. Using soil bacteria to facilitate phytoremediation. Environmental Microbiology. Interactions between Pseudomonas putida UW4 and Gigaspora rosea BEG9 and their consequences for the growth of cucumber under salt-stress conditions.

Characterization of plant-bacterial interactions using proteomic approaches Current Proteomics. Proteomic studies of plant-bacterial interactions Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Proteome reference map for the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas putida UW4.

Three year field test of a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria enhanced phytoremediation system at a land farm for treatment of hydrocarbon waste. Ethylene levels are regulated by a plant encoded 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid deaminase. Physiologia Plantarum. Beneficial role of plant growth promoting bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant responses to heavy metal stress. The presence of a 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate ACC deaminase deletion mutation alters the physiology of the endophytic plant growth-promoting bacterium Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN.

Identification of bacterial proteins mediating the interactions between Pseudomonas putida UW4 and Brassica napus Canola. Proteomic analysis of the response of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas putida UW4 to nickel stress. Proteome Science. Microbial Ecology.

Bernard R. Glick - Publications

Phytoremediation and rhizoremediation of organic soil contaminants: Potential and challenges Plant Science. The use of microorganisms to facilitate the growth of plants in saline soils Microbial Strategies For Crop Improvement. The interconversion of ACC deaminase and D-cysteine desulfhydrase by directed mutagenesis. Effect of a nickel-tolerant ACC deaminase-producing Pseudomonas strain on growth of nontransformed and transgenic canola plants. Synergistic interactions between the ACC deaminase-producing bacterium Pseudomonas putida UW4 and the AM fungus Gigaspora rosea positively affect cucumber plant growth.

Fems Microbiology Ecology. The use of ACC deaminase-containing plant growth-promoting bacteria to protect plants against the deleterious effects of ethylene Plant Surface Microbiology. ACC deaminase from plant growth-promoting bacteria affects crown gall development.

Advances in Applied Microbiology

Global effect of indoleacetic acid biosynthesis on multiple virulence factors of Erwinia chrysanthemi Tolerance of transgenic canola plants Brassica napus amended with plant growth-promoting bacteria to flooding stress at a metal-contaminated field site. Environmental Pollution Barking, Essex : Pleiotropic physiological effects in the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense following chromosomal labeling in the clpX gene.

Genetic modulation of ethylene biosynthesis and signaling in plants. Jump to: For current students and staff. Contact Details Email: g. A-Z lists Search University site This section.

Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64
Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64 Advances in Applied Microbiology: 64

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